Business Buyer’s Due Diligence

Trust, But Verify – Business Buyer’s Due Diligence

You have found a business that looks promising, but you want to ensure it is performing as well as the seller claims. It is time for due diligence.

Most of the time, a seller will not give you all the details and documents you wish unless you are under contract to buy the business. From the seller’s perspective, providing you with all the documentation can be a very sensitive issue. Additionally, it can take the seller a great deal of time and money to provide all the documents you will need, especially when they have to get their accountant and other professionals to help round up the necessary information.

You, however, may wish to confirm that the information being conveyed by the seller is accurate before you make an offer. What you discover in your research might even affect the price you offer. Sellers usually won’t give you much information until they are sure you are serious and are ready, willing, and able to make an offer they can live with. Often, the only way to verify the quality of the business and its financial records is to make an offer in writing.

Here are a few key things to keep in mind:

1. Contingency

When making an offer, give yourself an out if the records don’t support your expectations. In your offer, add a contingency stating that if, for any reason, you are unsatisfied with your due diligence, you are able to withdraw your offer and receive all escrow deposits or other funds back without hesitation. You may want to get the help of an attorney for drafting this contingency. The seller may insist that you be specific about your expectations and ask you to modify the contingency; i.e., “if 2017 annual revenues show more than a 3% negative variance…” or “if Seller’s Discretionary Earnings are less than $105,000 for the last full operating year…” This contingency will give you a way out, but if you still like the business but only at a lower price, you now have a chance to renegotiate.

2. Deposit with Neutral Professional

Make sure that if a deposit is required, and it usually is, that the funds are invested with an independent source and not deposited into the seller’s bank account. Some business brokerages hold the escrow themselves, but consider using an independent escrow agency or attorney. Florida Business Brokers can assist in finding reliable escrow services.

3. Clarify Timing

In the Asset Purchase Agreement, detail how long you will need to prepare a list of items for due diligence. If possible, provide the seller with your initial list at the time of, or right after, your offer is accepted. Include how long the seller will have to get all the documents to you, and how long you will need to finalize due diligence after you receive all those documents. Give yourself ample time and take holidays and weekends into consideration.

4. Get Help

Most of us make better decisions with the help of experienced professionals who understand privately owned businesses. You might want an accountant to review financial documents and an attorney to review contracts and leases. Long before making your offer, find trustworthy professionals who have time to help you. Confirm that they will be ready, willing, and able to assist when you need them. Make sure these professionals have a solid understanding of, and experience working with, small businesses like the one you are considering. A reputable Florida Business Broker can recommend skilled professionals to assist in your due diligence.

5. What is a 4506T?

Often you will be looking at tax returns as part of your due diligence. Having the seller sign a 4506T allows you to request a copy of the tax returns that they submitted to the IRS. We have seen more than one occasion when the seller “got confused” and presented prospective buyers with a draft of their taxes, signature and all, that significantly differed from the copy that the seller submitted to the IRS.

6. Make a Great Due Diligence List

Appropriate due diligence lists differ depending on the industry and the particular business specifics. Some have leases, some are franchises, some have client contracts, some have supply agreements, some have work in progress… Sit with your business advisory professionals to generate an appropriate list. You can request a generic one from our firm to use as a starting point, but make sure you craft one that will be appropriate for you and the business you are investigating.

Resist the temptation to download one from the internet that has a long list of items that do not apply to the business you are researching. Long lists of unnecessary items frustrate the seller, complicate the process for you, and waste valuable time whittling away the unnecessary items. Be focused and respect the time of everyone involved, including yourself.

7. Keep to the Time Frame

Once your offer has been accepted, your due diligence clock usually starts ticking. Outline the schedule on a calendar and stick to it. If the business fails to pass your due diligence, follow the contract terms within the specified time frame. If you need more time, get a mutually agreed extension in writing. Failing to complete and comply with the due diligence contingency can lead to serious legal challenges you should avoid. Remember – Always seek professional support whenever you are uncertain about any part of the business acquisition process.

Business Valuation TAMPA

Understanding the value of the business is crucial. Conducting a thorough business valuation in Tampa ensures you know exactly what you are buying. Many potential buyers wonder, “what’s my business worth?” A precise business valuation TAMPA can provide clarity and confidence in the buying process. Utilizing services from experienced Florida Business Brokers can help ensure that the business valuation is accurate and reliable. Additionally, a comprehensive business valuation TAMPA will help you understand the fair market value of the business and avoid overpaying.


Good luck. I hope these tips help you. Conducting proper due diligence is crucial to ensure you are making a wise investment. Working with Florida Business Brokers can significantly simplify the process, providing expert guidance and support. Remember, always perform a thorough business valuation in Tampa and seek professional advice to determine “what’s my business worth” before making any final decisions.